International Center for Environmental
Management of Enclosed Coastal Seas
International EMECS Center

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What’s Enclosed Coastal Sea

Enclosed coastal seas such as bays and inland seas are difficult places to preserve and improve water quality because pollutants tend to accumulate easily due to poor exchange of water with open seas. Blessed with abundant nature, enclosed coastal seas have been developing as fishery, industrial, transport and recreational areas. As a result, these areas are densely populated and overdeveloped therefore natural purification capacity is decreased which easily leads to environmental degradation.

Water Pollution Process in enclosed coastal sea